The Messoyakha Project

Messoyakhaneftegaz (a joint enterprise between Gazprom Neft and Rosneft) commissioned the first stage of this project — the Vostochno- (Eastern-) Messoyakshoye field, the northernmost onshore field in Russia — in 2016. This asset is set to become a major part of the country’s new oil region, currently begin developed in the north of the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug

History

The first of the Messoyakha-group fields — the Zapadno- (Western-) Messoyakhskoye field — was discovered in 1983, and the second — the Vostochno-Messoyakhskoye — in the 1990s. These are the northernmost onshore fields currently under development in Russia. Complex underlying geology, however, together with the absence of any transport infrastructure, meant development at Messoyakha was delayed until the second decade of the 21st century.

Proactive pre-commissioning and development of this asset began following the decision to build Zapolyarye-Purpe pipeline, connecting the northern fields of the Tyumen Oblast to the of Eastern Siberia—Pacific Ocean (ESPO) oil pipeline transportation system. The license for exploration and development at Messoyakha is held by Messoyakhaneftegaz — a 50:50 joint enterprise between Gazprom Neft and Rosneft. Operational management of Messoyakhaneftegaz is the responsibility of Gazprom Neft.

Development and commissioning of the Messoyakhskoye field
Положение месторождения Мессояха на карте Смотреть на карте

Production Technologies

Oil production at the Vostochno-Messoyakhskoye field — the starting point for development — is being undertaken exclusively through horizontal wells, with horizontal sections of approximately 1,000 metres. This is necessitated by the geology of deposits, further complicated by a significant gas cap. In addition to which, the oil-bearing rocks, located throughout various strata, are disconnected and of diverse origin.

To increase the coverage ratio (“sweep efficiency”), the more complex overlying strata have been developed through the use of “fishbone wells” — multilateral wells trunking from a main horizontal well. Multi-stage fracking will also result in a higher oil recovery factor (ORF).

0 percent
of Messoyakha reserves contain heavy, high-viscosity, tarry oil, with a low content of light fractions.

Oil Transportation

98-kilometre pressure-pipeline, with a through-put capacity of 8.5 million tonnes per year, has been built to transport crude from the field to the Transneft pipeline system. This pipeline has been designed to take into account not just the severe climatic conditions of the region (with winter air temperatures at the Gydan Peninsula often dropping below −50°С), but also the challenging local terrain and, moreover, the project’s impact on the local indigenous peoples, and the environment.

The pipeline route avoids crossing feeding grounds for local deer pastures, and places sacred to indigenous peoples. Special crossings have been built on deer-herd migration routes, and where the pipeline traverses the major Indikyakha and Muduiyakha rivers (crossed by migrating deer herds in winter and used by small-sized boats in summer) it passes underground — the northernmost underwater crossings in Russia, built using directional drilling.

Cutting-edge technologies were used in building the pipeline, in order to optimise its reliability. Automatic and semi-automatic welding was used by the company for the first time, and the pipeline equipped with leak-detection and anti-corrosion systems, on completion.

The northernmost oilfield currently under development in Russia

Infrastructure

The high viscosity and lower reservoir temperature (about 8°С) of this oil notwithstanding, specialist oil production, processing and transportation technologies have not been necessary at Messoyakha — significantly improving the viability of the project.

However, in order to avoid thawing of the subsurface permafrost — which risks subsidence, landslides and, ultimately, serious accidents — all infrastructure has been built above ground. The construction of the core facilities alone — the central gathering point (CGP), the crude oil delivery and acceptance point (CODAP), and the gas turbine power plant (CTPP) — involved delivering about 50,000 tonnes of foundation piles (stilts) to the field, over temporary winter ice roads.

The development strategy for this asset envisages the Vostochno-Messoyakhskoye field producing five million tonnes of oil per year by 2018 — and all Phase I infrastructure has been built on that basis. Reaching peak production of 6.5 million tonnes per year by 2020 will require the construction of Phase II infrastructure, which will also serve the Zapadno-Messoyakhskoye field, development of which is planned at a later stage.

More than 0 tonnes
cargo
for infrastructure construction has been delivered over the past three years

Messoyakha in Figures

6.5 mtoe Forecast peak oil production mtoe
706,900 tonnes of oil produced in 2016
RUB1 trillion Anticipated tax revenues to 2040