The Company’s field development projects include a program to rehabilitate aquatic bio resources.
In order to comply with the Russian Federation President’s decree on the safe development of the Arctic region, Gazprom Neft is implementing a perpetual corporate program to preserve biodiversity based on a list of flora and fauna species that serve as indicators of stable conditions of the marine ecosystems of Russia’s Arctic waters.
Pursuant to the Programme for the Conservation of Biological Diversity and the List of Marker Species, Gazpromneft-Shelf in 2016 conducted a study into a number of species of fauna and potential impacts on these from the Prirazlomnaya platform (rig) in the Pechora Sea, as well as escort vessels and tankers delivering oil from the Novoportovskoye and Prirazlomnoye fields to Murmansk. Studies were carried out in the offshore zone, along the coast, and in inland waters.
The rate of plankton reproduction — which has a very short lifecycle — is one indicator of the health of the ecosystem. Research undertaken showed no evidence of any significant stress or impact on plankton microphytocenosis in 2016.
Ornithological studies on the islands of the Nenets State Nature Reserve have demonstrated the success of waterfowl breeding, as well as the appearance of 75 new species of birds, including eight rare and endangered species: the White-tailed eagle, the pale harrier, the peregrine falcon, the Arctic falcon (gyrfalcon), the tundra swan (Bewick’s swan) and others.
Research on marine mammals near the Prirazlomnaya platform has revealed evidence of large-scale moulting by harp (saddleback) seals, indicating the presence of several thousand, as well as individual specimens of the Atlantic walrus. The study showed the platform and escort vessels as having no significant impact on wildlife. Walrus migrations began to be studied in 2016 with the help of satellite transmitters. According to initial data, walruses are being actively reinstated in the waters between the Dolgy and Vaigach islands.